There are a variety of roofing materials to choose from. The best choice depends on the climate where you live and the style of your home.

Asphalt shingles cover about 75% of homes nationwide. They’re affordable and offer many color options. Roofing Longview TX experts are also good at shrugging off heavy snow.

roofing materials

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are the most common type of residential shingle and are available in a variety of colors, styles, textures, and shapes. They’re also relatively inexpensive, making them an ideal choice for many homeowners.

These shingles are made from layers of fiberglass and tar, with granules covering each layer to protect the roof. These granules are often crushed and screened to produce a range of different color options as well as algae-resistant granules that help prevent discoloration due to blue-green algae. The shingles are then laminated together, creating a layered look on the roof, which helps resist water.

The shingles are then coated in a protective sealant to further help the roof resist damage, stains, and degradation. Certain shingles are even infused with solar reflective asphalt which can help to prevent the sun’s heat from heating a home, helping to save on energy costs.

Another popular option is the cedar shake, which is a more rustic style of shingle that gives a roof a more natural and hand-crafted look. However, cedar shingles are prone to drying and rot, so they require regular maintenance and treatment to prevent deterioration.

Metal roofing is typically made from aluminum, zinc, or copper and goes through a process of heating, molding, and coating to provide strength and durability. This type of roof is resistant to fire, water, and wind, and can last for up to 50 years. However, it can be expensive and requires more regular maintenance than other types of shingles. It is also heavy, which can add to installation costs and may cause structural problems in older homes. However, it is an excellent option in areas with high winds.

Wood Shingles Or Shakes

Wood shakes are a time-tested roofing material that offers both rustic style and reliable protection. However, they are a more expensive option than other roofing materials. They are also higher maintenance, requiring preventative treatments every 1-3 years and a regular schedule of roof cleanings.

Wood shingles and shakes are available in a variety of sizes, thicknesses, and shapes. They are often made from cedar, cypress, or pine trees. They are also available in a wide range of grain patterns and hues, making them suitable for a variety of home styles.

The most important difference between shakes and shingles is the way they are cut. Shakes are hand sawed, with a natural and uneven appearance, while shingles are machine cut and tapered for a uniform look. Shakes are also thicker than shingles, so they provide more protection from the elements.

Choosing the best type of shake or shingle is also based on its stability, determined by the part of the tree from which it was cut and how it is treated after cutting. Edge-grain, flat-grain, and slash-grain are the most stable cuts. They are the least likely to split, rot, or erode over time.

Shake and shingle durability depends on several factors, including the quality of installation, climate, and roof maintenance. A properly installed and maintained wood shake or shingle roof will last 30-50 years. Cedar is the most popular choice for a wood shake, but teak, cypress, and redwood are other good options. Wood shingles and shakes are effective insulation, keeping your house warm in the winter and cool in the summer. In addition, they are an attractive and eco-conscious option for a home’s exterior.

Metal Shingles

If you love the look of wood shakes or shingles but want to avoid the maintenance required with wood roofs, consider metal shingle roofing. Typically made from aluminum or steel and coated with mineral granules, these shingles can be fabricated to resemble traditional asphalt shingles, wooden shakes, or even slate or clay tiles. They are available in a wide range of colors and can be patterned to create unique designs on the roof. They are more expensive than a traditional wood shingle roof but can last up to 50 years.

They are also lighter in weight than other types of roofing materials which reduces the amount of stress they put on your home structure. They can be easily installed over existing shingles, making them a great choice for older homes that may need structural reinforcements. And because they are highly durable, they require less maintenance than other roofing materials.

Metal shingles are often made with an airspace between the metal and the roof deck which acts as a thermal break to stop the conductive flow of heat into the attic, which can lower your energy costs. However, be aware that they are not as good at shedding snow loads as other roofs and you may need to install extra insulation. Also, while they generally withstand strong winds better than other roofs, be sure to check your homeowner’s insurance policy because large hail has been known to destroy these roofs.

Zinc roofing is gaining popularity in the country as it is designed to withstand extreme weather conditions and has self-healing capabilities. It has a natural resistance to rust and corrosion, as well as being fire, mold, and mildew resistant. It is a soft metal so it’s easy to bend and shape to achieve different looks for your home’s roof and can be recycled at the end of its lifespan.

Composite Shingles

Asphalt shingles are inexpensive, easy to install, and come in a range of colors and styles. They are also lightweight and resistant to fire, making them a great choice for residential roofs. Asphalt shingles are typically made from a fiberglass mat, which is coated with asphalt and embedded with mineral granules. The granules serve three purposes: they provide UV protection, help the shingle resist damage from hail, and add to the aesthetic of the roof. There are several types of asphalt shingles, including 3-tab, architectural, and luxury. The latter are thicker and have a more textured surface.

Composite shingles are similar to traditional shingles but offer more versatility and better weather resistance. They are also more environmentally friendly, as they contain recycled materials. These shingles can mimic the look of almost any roofing material, such as slate and clay tiles, at a fraction of the cost. This makes them a great choice for homeowners who want a stylish and durable roof that increases the value of their home.

If you are considering a composite shingle roof, make sure to discuss your design goals with an experienced roofing company. The shingle style you choose should complement your house’s architecture and align with the rest of your exterior. Consideration should also be given to temperature fluctuations and humidity levels, which could affect the shingle’s performance.

Clay tiles are made from earthen clays molded into rolled or interlocking shapes and fired for durability. They are popular in warmer climates and can withstand high winds, fire, and earthquakes. The tiles are heavier than other roofing materials, so consideration should be made for underlying structural support. They are aesthetically pleasing and add to the overall beauty of your home, but can be difficult to clean and maintain.

Metal Tiles

Metal roofs have been a popular choice for commercial buildings for years but have become more common in residential homes as well. They offer many advantages over other roofing materials, including durability, energy efficiency, and a wide variety of design options. They are also very lightweight, making them easier to install on a home.

One type of metal roof that is growing in popularity is a “metal tile” roof. These roofs are designed to mimic other roofing materials, such as clay tiles or wood shakes, and they are installed similarly. This makes them a good option for homeowners who want the look of these other types of roofs but do not want the maintenance that comes with them.

These roofs typically come with a self-adhering membrane underlayment that is applied to the roof deck. This underlayment performs better in high-temperature environments than traditional felt underlayment and presents a stronger barrier against water and air infiltration. However, it is not as effective at preventing ice dams.

Another issue with these types of roofs is that they typically have fewer color choices than other types of roofing materials. This can be a problem for homeowners who want to match a particular shade of paint or if they ever need repairs done on their roof.

Ceramic tile has long been a popular roofing material in some parts of the country. It is a durable material that blends with many architectural styles and can be very attractive when used as a decorative accent. Clay tile is another roofing option that dates back thousands of years and was brought to the country by settlers. It is still a popular choice in the Southwest and warm coastal regions of the country.